The national programme for the development of agriculture, including the sub-programme for the sustainable development of rural areas need to be revised with a view of distinctive features of regions, thinks Russian Vice minister Alexey Gordeev.
“We see the necessity to review the approach to the national programme. The industry changes and it should be reflected in the document”, stated Mr. Gordeev.
First of all, the programme should consider the specific features of regions, including bioclimatic ones. “We should take into account the potential and specialization of regions”, says Gordeev, “Such accents and aspects are not reflected in the programme now”.
The amendments to the national programme provide for the changes in the system of state support. “We now have experience and we know how the support should function. For instance, we had to allocate a certain sum of money from the federal budget to a region. And the region, in its turn, was to develop a programme and defend it in minagri”, said Mr. Gordeev, “We cannot apply one pattern to every region. One region has deer, the other – fish, the third focuses on grain”.
According to him, the Canada’s practices should be considered, where the agriculture support system provides for the allocation of just 50% from the federal budget, and the remaining 50% is allocated from the provincial budget. The provinces develop their regional programmes with a view of their local contexts.
Alexey Gordeev also stressed that the amendments to the programme should also consider other aspects. “For example, we have a national goal in agriculture – accelerated development of export. We have 6 years to double the export and to reach $45bn goal. It is clear that this should also be harmonized with the national programme”, said the vice minister.
One more thing to be considered is over-production. “I now do not speak about grain. We should speak about pork, poultry. We cannot forget about it when correcting the programme to avoid the bankruptcy of many companies under operation”.
As deputy PM thinks “the focus is to be directed to private companies engaged in deep processing, which will solve the issue with overproduction”. “First of all, this is the case of grain. This should be reflected in the programme”.
As for the sub-programme for the sustainable development of rural areas, Gordeev stated that it should be concretized.
The first national programme for the development of agriculture in Russia was implemented in 2008-2012. The present programme covers the period before 2020 inclusively.